Raimund, Ferdinand

(Ferdinand Raimann, 1790-1836)
   Playwright, actor. Raimund is closely identified with the Volksstück— particularly the Zauberstück variety of that dramatic species — with its roots in his native Vienna. His career began at age 18 when he joined a small touring company; after engagements in Pressburg and Ödenburg, his breakthrough came when he was engaged by the Theater in der Josefstadt in Vienna, and in 1815 he became that theater's most popular comic actor. In 1817 Raimund began to write short pieces and interludes for the Theater in der Leopoldstadt company. His first full-length play was Der Barometermacher auf der Zauberinsel (The Barometer Maker on the Magic Island), which premiered in 1823; it established him as both the leading actor and the leading playwright of Vienna during the 1820s. Others were Der Diamant des Geisterkönigs (The Fairy Kings Diamond, 1824), Das Mädchen aus der Feenwelt (The Girl from the Fairy World; better known as Der Bauer als Millionär, The Peasant as Millionaire, 1826), Die gefesselte Fantasie (The Imagination Enchained, 1828), and his best play, Der Alpenkönig und der Menschenfeind (The Alpine King and the Misanthrope, 1828); all featured Raimund in the leading role.
   Raimund was named director of the Leopoldstadt Theater in 1828, but he resigned in 1830 apparently suffering from nervous exhaustion. He toured as a guest artist to perform the roles he had created for himself and won enthusiastic acclaim nearly everywhere he played; his Der Verschwender (The Prodigal) of 1834 was his last effort, and in 1836 he committed suicide in despair that he would never be taken seriously. He had little estimation as a "serious" artist, his prosperity and renown notwithstanding. The frequency of his plays in repertoires increased throughout the remainder of the 19th century, however, and by 1900 most theaters had at least one Raimund play in their repertoires. The 20th century saw successive Raimund revivals, and students regularly study them as "serious" literature for the stage, much as he had hoped. There are Raimund memorials in several Austrian towns and cities, and in Vienna a theater bears his name, along with a learned society that promotes the scholarly study of his plays and career.

Historical dictionary of German Theatre. . 2006.

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  • Raimund, Ferdinand — Raimund, Ferdinand. Dieser beliebte Schauspieler und Dichter für die Volksbühne der Gegenwart ist den 1. Juni 1791 in Wien geb., zeigte schon als Knabe einen unwiderstehlichen Drang für die Bühne, bemühte sich später, aber vergeblich, in Wien ein …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Raimund, Ferdinand — (1790–1836)    Born in Vienna with the family name Raimann, Raimund, along with Johann Nestroy, was a master of the Viennese popular theater. Like many who plied their talents in the genre from the 17th to the 19th centuries, Raimund worked as… …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Raimund, Ferdinand — pseud. di Raimann, Ferdinand …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Ferdinand Raimund — Ferdinand Raimund; Lithographie von Joseph Kriehuber 1835 Ferdinand Raimund, eigentlich Ferdinand Jakob Raimann (* 1. Juni 1790 in Wien; † 5. September 1836 in Pottenstein) war ein österreichischer Dramatiker und gemeinsam mit Johann …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ferdinand Raimund — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ferdinand Raimund, litografía de Josef Kriehuber, 1835. Ferdinand Raimund (Viena, 1 de junio de 1790 – Pottenstein, 5 de septiembre de 1836) fue un actor y dram …   Wikipedia Español

  • RAIMUND (F.) — RAIMUND FERDINAND (1780 1836) De son vrai nom Raimann, Ferdinand Raimund écrit avant tout des pièces de théâtre populaires. Mais il est aussi un acteur très apprécié du public viennois. Dramaturge et directeur de théâtre, il renoue avec les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Raimund — Raimund, Ferdinand, Schauspieler und Bühnendichter, geb. 1. Juni 1790 in Wien, gest. 5. Sept. 1836 zu Pottenstein in Niederösterreich, wurde zuerst Zuckerbäckerlehrling, ging aber dann zum Theater, bildete sich seit 1809 auf den Bühnen von Raab… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Raimund — Raimund,   Ferdinand Jakob, eigentlich F. J. Raimann, österreichischer Schriftsteller und Schauspieler, * Wien 1. 6. 1790, ✝ Pottenstein (Niederösterreich) 5. 9. 1836, Sohn eines eingewanderten böhmischen Drechslermeisters; nach Abbruch seiner… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Raimund [2] — Raimund, Ferdinand, geb. 1790 (1791) in Wien, lernte als Conditor, wurde Schauspieler in Presburg, dann bei mehren wandernden Truppen, 1813 bei dem Theater in der Josephstadt zu Wien angestellt, später am Leopoldstädter Theater, unternahm 1831… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Raimund-Theater — Das Raimund Theater in der Wallgasse Das Raimundtheater (offiziell derzeit: Raimund Theater) ist ein Theater im 6. Wiener Gemeindebezirk Mariahilf (Wallgasse 18–20). Das nach dem österreichischen Dramatiker Ferdinand Raimund benannte Theater… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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